basic principle of a bead loom is to string threads
onto your loom in order to create a bead design. These
threads are called "warp" threads. The length
and width of your beadwork will be defined by how many
threads are on the loom This will be limited to the
size of your loom. For larger, longer pieces you may
roll your work around the wooden bar that has nails
Tie onto the first thread. String on the desired amount of beads. Run your needle under all the warp threads
Push all the beads up between the warp threads. Hold them there with a finger pushing them up to hold in place while you run your needle though all the beads. This will place the second pass on top of the warp threads, while the first pass through will be resting under the warp threads. This is what will be holding the beads in place. These are called the weft threads. Once you have completed your project, remove it off the loom. You will have the warp threads left at each end. Each of these threads needs to be weaved into the beadwork.
I like to take the threads farthest left and right and run them through the first and last rows. This stabilizes your bead work. Thread the first thread onto your needle and run through the first row. You can tie a knot on the opposite warp thread, if you are working and edging onto your finished piece. If you are not then, work it up several rows between the last 2 beads. You can tie a half hitch onto the warp thread, or glue the end with a tiny drop of glue. Work the same way on the opposite side and again on both threads on the opposite end.
You can work each of the threads up between the rows if you do not want to add fringe. Secure with a knot or a drop of glue.
To add fringe onto your warp threads, string on the desired number of beads. Push the last bead aside as the stop bead and run up through the rest.
Weave your thread between the beads and tie off. If you intend to sew your beadwork onto a material, you can weave thread onto the ends to secure your threads before removing your work from the loom. Weave under and over until you have about 1/2 of an inch. Once done you may like to add waterproof fabric glue, making sure it is worked into all the fibers. Once it dries you can cut your piece off the loom, trim the threads.
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